Farmers across Indonesia rely heavily on chemical pesticide control for its perceived efficacy and efficiency. The national chemical pesticide market was estimated to be worth USD 576.9 million in 2018 and is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.4% in terms of value and 4.4% in terms of usage. Although farmers widely practice crop protection, many still experience yield loss due to pest attacks; 29% of rice farmers still face significant loss (BPS, 2017).
Farmers’ high dependency on chemical pesticides poses the threat of pest and disease resistance, which lowers productivity. One major challenge farmers face is their limited knowledge on pest and disease management leading to incorrect use of pesticides. Farmers tend to either decrease or increase dosage depending on commodity prices and incorrectly combine pesticides based on their perceived effectiveness, or recommendations from other farmers, input kiosks, or extension services.
PRISMA aims to increase farmers income by collaborating with agro-chemical companies by combining product promotions and adopting judicious use of pesticides (JUP). PRISMA also aims to further disseminate the JUP principles via collaborations with the public sector and associations. The program is also exploring potential collaborations with various bio-pesticide companies to encourage farmers to adopt alternative crop protection methods.
In the second phase, PRISMA is integrating the JUP and increasing efforts and collaborations with various partners for interventions in the program’s working provinces.