Irrigation has three times more impact on farming productivity than other agricultural inputs, such as seed varieties or fertiliser (TIRTA Program Design Document, 2014). Irrigation also offers the potential to (1) increase production and profitability per hectare per crop, (2) increase cropping intensity, and (3) reduce the risk of crop failure, which can be catastrophic for smallholder farming households with very limited resources and reserves. Eighty-five per cent of Indonesia’s total agricultural land has limited access to water for irrigation during the dry season (Ministry of Agriculture, 2017).
In the first phase of the program, TIRTA partnered with 23 private sector irrigation service providers (individual entrepreneurs, HIPPAs, G-HIPPAs and BUMDes) in improving irrigation systems in 36 villages in Bojonegoro and Tuban (East Java).
In the second phase, PRISMA is working on stimulating and increasing private sector participation and investment across different stages of the irrigation value chain to promote more effective and efficient water use, promote renewable energy and improve farmers’ production and productivity. The scope of this sector is expanding into other PRISMA working areas.