Irrigation has three times more impact on farming productivity than other agricultural inputs, such as seed variety and fertiliser (TIRTA Program Design Document, 2014). Irrigation also offers the potential to (1) increase production and profitability per hectare per crop, (2) increase cropping intensity, and (3) reduce the risk of crop failure, which can be catastrophic for smallholder farming households with very limited resources and reserves. Eighty-five per cent of Indonesia’s total agriculture land has limited access to water for irrigation during the dry season (MoA, 2017).
In the first phase of the program, TIRTA partnered with 23 private sector irrigation service providers (individual entrepreneurs, HIPPAs, G-HIPPAs and BUMDes) in improving the irrigation system in 36 villages in Bojonegoro and Tuban (East Java).
In the second phase, PRISMA through the irrigation sector works on stimulating and increasing private sector participation and investment across different stages of the irrigation value chain to promote more efficient water use in agriculture, boosting farmers’ production and productivity. The scope is expanded to other PRISMA working areas.