Commodities

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Maize

Maize is one of Indonesia’s primary food crops. Across the country almost 20 million metric tonnes of maize is produced of which almost half is used for animal feed. Maize is a seasonal crop, with a surplus during peak harvest months and a severe undersupply during the rest of the year. PRISMA has identified a clear opportunity in NTT, NTB and East Java to increase maize production, productivity and quality as part of Indonesia’s drive towards import substitution.

In NTT maize is the staple food for the majority of the population but, despite its importance, maize cultivation is characterised by low input, low output subsistence farming practices. In NTB there has been no growth in maize production in recent years. East Java is the largest producer of maize in Indonesia, but growth is low at 0.49 percent per year.

In NTT, AIP-Rural has been working with seed producers to improve the variety of maize seed available to farmers. PRISMA will continue this work by partnering with seed companies to promote the use of improved seed (composite or open pollinated varieties as well as hybrid seed). Agro-input dealers and fertiliser companies will be found to introduce affordable commercial fertilisers and establish private distribution channels to target small holder farmers. PRISMA will work with private sector companies to introduce more effective and affordable farm-level storage solutions to reduce crop loss. There is potential to work with manufacturers, distributors, and traders of storage equipment, and possibly research institutions, to develop alternative, cost-effective technologies.

In NTB PRISMA will work with private sector partners to improve access to Good Agricultural Practices and promote its use. This includes the use of appropriate quality seed, crop maintenance and technology. As with NTT, PRISMA will work with agro-input dealers to improve access to fertiliser and promote its use. As in NTT, PRISMA will work with private sector companies to introduce more effective and affordable farm-level storage solutions to reduce crop loss. And finally, PRISMA will work with companies to improve access for maize farmers to a proper irrigation system and the technology needed for dry-land cultivation.

In East Java PRISMA has partnered with PT AHSTI to promote the use of hybrid seeds to maize buyers and seed retailers. The company will use promotional activities to disseminate information about Good Agricultural Practices specifically as it relates to hybrid maize cultivation. This will contribute to ensuring higher yields. PRISMA will work with private sector partners to promote appropriate post-harvest services, including drying techniques, to standardise the quality of maize. PRISMA will also work with private sector partners to promote the use of improved seeds suitable for dry season farming in non-irrigated drylands.