Mung bean is grown mainly in South and Southeast Asia and the global demand remains consistently high and stable. Demand for mung bean in Indonesia is largely met by domestic production, and although it experienced a dramatic decline in 2012, the production level recovered in 2014. However, there has been a persistent increase in mung bean imports since 2013 to cater for the food processing industry. Availability of mung bean-based food products has increased significantly in recent years and its market price in Indonesia has remained relatively stable.
East Java is Indonesia’s second largest producer of mung bean; together with the largest producer, Central Java, the province accounted for 61% of Indonesia’s total production of mung bean in 2015. Since 2005, mung bean production and its cultivation area has decreased in East Java, although productivity has increased.
Poor farmers in East Java have the potential to further increase mung bean productivity without significantly raising production costs. There is viable scope for import substitution, due to escalating domestic and international demand coupled with the rising sale prices experienced over the last years.
The major challenges faced by mung bean farmers in these areas are lack of access to quality agricultural inputs and information of mung bean specific products, and the lack of a commercial production and distribution of quality mung bean seeds. Farmers also lack information on Good Agricultural Practices and post-harvest treatment and storage.
PRISMA has identified a clear opportunity to work with the private sector in East Java, NTT and NTB to increase mung bean production, productivity and quality through commercializing quality mung beans seed. PRISMA will work with public and private sector partners to produce, distribute and promote quality mung bean seeds. The program will work with input companies to promote the application of fertilizer (particularly micronutrients and compost) and appropriate pest control solutions. The program will also support agro-tool producers to promote suitable sowing tools for mung bean and to promote a commercial model for threshing services. Finally, PRIMSA will assist public extension agencies to promote existing, successful extension model to other geographic areas.