African Swine Fever (ASF) has had a significant effect on the pig industry and markets of the affected countries, i.e. changes in pork meat prices and pig production. During the global outbreak, in August 2019 global retail pork prices rose by 47 percent, contributing to a 10 percent increase in the food price index. Between January and June 2019, Chinese pig production fell by six percent year-on-year and has resulted in an increase in Chinese pig meat imports—mostly from the European Union and the United States that has driven up the global pig meat prices.
Indonesia is neither a major pig/pork-producing nor a consuming country. However, due to diversity in religious practices in several provinces in Indonesia pigs play a significant role in the economy and social culture activities of smallholder farmers especially in NTT, North Sumatra, Bali, North Sulawesi, Papua, and West Papua. If ASF spreads extensively to these provinces it will not only have a significant impact on the livelihood of the smallholder farming household but will also impact other market actors in the sector such as feed and pharmaceutical companies, restaurants, traders, etc.
The Government of Indonesia (GOI) officially announced an outbreak of ASF in December 2019. Based on the data from OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health), the first occurrence of ASF in Indonesia was notified in North Sumatera. A report from the United Nation’s Food and Agricultural Organization revealed that as of February 2020, 21 regencies and cities had been infected with ASF in North Sumatra, the worst-hit province, with 47,330 pig deaths recorded. In Bali, 1,735 pigs died due to unknown causes in seven regencies and cities. While in NTT until July 2020, 24,822 pigs reportedly died in 12 districts and cities of NTT due to ASF.
Since the first case at the end of 2019, the GOI has been working towards establishing measures to respond to the outbreak. PRISMA through collaborative efforts with other stakeholders, such as private sectors and associations, has been supporting the GOI to prevent the spread out of the devastating virus and implementing disaster response measures on multiple levels. The activities ranging from household-level biosecurity education, to implement an improved breeding management system, to provincial and national awareness-raising workshops and implementation planning.
As a part of PRISMA’s ASF Awareness Campaign to tackle ASF outbreak in NTT, on 29 September 2020, PRISMA in partnership with Medion (a pharmaceutical company) and the NTT Office of Animal Husbandry, conducted an online education session on “ASF and Biosecurity” to pig farmers, feed, and pharmaceutical distribution channels, mostly from NTT and a few from North Sumatra, East Java, and Sulawesi. More than 60 participants attended the event and were able to learn about the cause, spread, and symptoms of ASF as well as prevention methods such as applying biosecurity. This event is part of the ASF Awareness Campaign conducted by PRISMA as quick response activities to tackle the ASF outbreak in NTT.