COVID-19 pandemic has affected the agricultural value chains in Indonesia, bringing changes and challenges that are requiring market actors to adapt their behaviour. To understand the issues being faced by market actors, especially at the farmer (both crop and livestock) and kiosk levels, PRISMA is undertaking a staged phone survey in April 2020. The findings from these surveys will assist PRISMA in fine tuning their COVID-19 recovery strategy and offer the best business plan solutions to the private sector.
The result of the crop farmer survey to 85 farmers in in Central Java, East Java, NTB and NTT indicates that farmers are still farming while employing social distancing measures. Ninety-five percent of farmers surveyed will continue to farm, with only seven percent planning to shift their planting times as a result of labour shortages. Due to the imposed movement restrictions, most farmers now rely on agricultural information from the internet, friends and neighbour. Report on the crop farmer survey can be accessed here.
Similarly, the result of the livestock farmer survey from 52 farmers in East Java, Central Java and NTT suggests that farmers are running their businesses. Seventy-seven percent poultry farmers report challenges in farming, while only considerably low number of farmers are reporting challenges in other commodities. Report on the livestock farmer survey can be accessed here.
On the kiosks level, survey from 50 kiosks in in Central Java, East Java, NTB and NTT shows that kiosk owners are aware of COVID-19 and fifty-four percent of the respondents have taken preventive measures in their kiosks. More than half of the respondents report difficulty in buying and selling products, and sixty-eight percent of them confirm change in income with an average of 40%. Report on the kiosks survey can be accessed here.
PRISMA is using the findings from these surveys to assist private sector partners to adjust their marketing strategies in the short-term and adapt business activities with the least disruption in the upcoming months.